Stevie Camacho - Fall 2010
Edited by Jimmy Aanestad - Spring 2011
Edited by Jody Eden - Fall 2016
Edited by Matthew Luna - Spring 2018
Telescopes



Hubble Space Telescope
Hubble Space Telescope





A Brief Introduction
Telescopes are instruments used to assist humans in observing objects in the night sky, whether its Orion's Belt in the backyard to an emission nebula 1 billion light-years away at an observatory in Hawai'i. This page will help you better understand the history of the telescope and its evolution from a handheld tube in the 17th Century, to a million dollar government project orbiting the Earth, as well as its varying functions, abilities and simple or complex specifications on how to build your own or just buy your own.


Section by Matthew Luna- Spring 2018


Hubble Space Telescope

https://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/hubble/story/index.html
Page Editor- Rob Garner
Page Updated- March 6, 2018
Reviewed- May 14, 2018
Reviewed by- Matthew Luna
Source: NASA
Intended Audience: General public.
Summary: This is a government ran site by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) with its intended purpose of providing information about the Hubble Space Telescope. It provides a brief history on the beginnings of the telescope, then it goes into the specific details and overview of the telescope. At the bottom of the page, there is a link to the achievements accomplished by the Hubble telescope.
Opinion: This site covers an extensive amount of information regarding the Hubble Space Telescope and its discoveries, as it is apart of the NASA website. Very helpful.

Buying Telescopes
https://optcorp.com/
Reviewed- May 14, 2018
Reviewed by- Matthew Luna
Source: OPT
Intended Audience: People interested in buying telescopes, whether astronomy novices or experienced astronomers/ enthusiasts.
Summary: The main purpose of this site is to sell equipment to anyone interested in astronomy and deals in beginner level to expert level telescopes as well as accessories such as eye pieces, mounts, cameras etc. You can also buy used equipment. There are tabs on the side to help filter searches for specific products based on your needs.
Opinion: This site is easy to navigate and makes searching for and buying equipment easy. It gives comprehensible descriptions about the item. Good website for someone interested in getting into astronomy.

15 of the World's Largest Telescopes
https://weather.com/science/space/news/biggest-telescopes-in-the-world-photos
Article Written- August 6, 2015
Reviewed- May 14, 2018
Reviewed by- Matthew Luna
Author(s): Michele Berger, Euna Park
Source: Weather.com
Intended Audience: Those interested in different kinds of telescopes.
Summary: This article gives a list of the worlds largest telescopes (as of 2015), around the world. The article gives a picture and description of the telescope like the name, location and either an interesting fact about the telescope or some of the specifications and what it has helped accomplished. At the top of the page are a gallery of other telescopes around the world, and at the bottom of the page is another gallery of pictures of space taken by telescopes.
Opinion: This article is very comprehensible and easy to understand with its simple explanations. I also found it quite interesting that there are more complex and enormous structures that are either the telescopes themselves or some of the buildings containing the telescopes.

Telescopes of the Future
https://www.popularmechanics.com/space/telescopes/g2961/telescopes-of-the-future/
Article Written- February 17, 2017
Reviewed- May 14, 2018
Reviewed by- Matthew Luna
Author(s): Jay Bennett
Source: Popular Mechanics
Intended Audience: People who are curious about the future of the worlds ability to see further out into space.
Summary: This article gives a list of 6 telescopes that are in service or are currently being built. The article gives descriptions on each of the telescopes such as location, time of completion, technical specifications and also the capabilities and improvements that these telescopes have over their predecessor and others alike. At the bottom of the page includes other articles related to topics brought up in the descriptions of each telescope. It is well written and provides enough information and detail to give people a better understanding of humans abilities to create technologically advanced and enormous structures that will better help our understanding of the universe.
Opinion: I enjoyed reading this article and it peaked my interest to the point where I clicked on several links and read on about similar topics.

Telescope Basics
https://kidsastronomy.com/space-exploration/telescope-timeline/
Reviewed- May 14, 2018
Reviewed by- Matthew Luna
Source: Kids Astronomy
Intended Audience: Children.
Summary: This colorful and simplistic website gives a timeline of the telescope from the first invention of it to the present (at the time ~2010). It has 3 main parts: telescope timeline, a video on how a telescope works and the different types of telescopes which includes an example picture and a brief description.
Opinion: I think that the website is fun and is very useful for teachers to use for young children.


Giant Magellan Telescope Concept - Vallenar, Chile
Giant Magellan Telescope Concept - Vallenar, Chile


Basic Information

http://www.encyclopedia.com/topic/telescope.aspx#1
Updated- April 18, 2018
Reviewed- May 9, 2018
Reviewed by- Matthew Luna
Summary: This website goes into the definitions, workings and history of the telescope since it was first invented. It includes when and how certain telescopes were made, what they do (their specific duty) as well as where they are. It is a single long page overview and includes citations for APA, MLA and Chicago at the end of the page for anyone who is interested in the topic. I think that this website is for those who are in need of research and it provides just the right amount of detail that can easily be grasped by a high school or above level student.

How Telescopes Work

"How Telescopes Work"
http://science.howstuffworks.com/telescope1.htm
Written- November 2010
Reviewed- May 9, 2018
Reviewed by- Matthew Luna
Author(s): Craig Freudenrich, PH.D.
Summary: The link above will take you to page 2 of a 32 page long "paper" about telescopes. The page the link takes you to gives a brief, easy to understand overview of how a telescope is designed and how it works. The information throughout the rest of article seems sound and includes more detail and topics on the subject of telescopes.

Telescope Advice

"So You Wanna Buy A Telescope... Advice for Beginners"
http://scopereviews.com/begin.html
Reviewed- May 9, 2018
Reviewed by- Matthew Luna
Updated- February 1, 2015
Reviewed by- Jody Eden
Author(s): Ed Ting
Summary: This site is for beginners looking for advice on what telescope is right for them, because just like people, all telescopes are different. The website starts out with some words of advice from the author before you start your search for the perfect telescope that best fits your needs. Then it moves on to explaining the different types that are available for purchase. They talk about the different functions they come with, advantages, disadvantages, and more. It includes photos as well, which is very helpful to understand and visualize. The reading of the page sounds like a conversation which makes it much more relatable to a beginner in astronomy.
This site seems accurate and the author seems very passionate in astronomy. He makes it very easy to read and understand for his audience, the new astronomers.

ProTelescope

http://www.protelescope.com/storefrontprofiles/default.aspx?sfid=95134
Summary: This site is perfect for someone who is looking into buying any kind of telescope. ProTelescope sells all kinds of different telescopes from bird watching to astrophotography. They also sell telescopes in value bundles as well as special deals that they post on the main page. Their prices are fair and the site also provides telescope facts and information that one would need to know. ProTelescopes also has a phone number you can call to talk to professionals on the right hand side of the page. Overall it is easy to navigate through with up-to-date information on their products.

Telescopes for Beginners
"Best Telescopes for the Money"
http://www.space.com/15693-telescopes-beginners-telescope-reviews-buying-guide.html
Updated- May 14, 2018
Updated by- Matthew Luna
Updated- November 25, 2017
Reviewed- December 7, 2016
Reviewed by- Jody Eden
Author(s): Dave Brody
Source: Space.com
Summary: This site is perfect for people who are interested in buying their first telescope. The website gives the price and brief descriptions of the different varieties of telescopes. This website is helpful for people just getting into the study of Astronomy.
Accuracy- The information on the telescopes seem to be correct and reliable.
Clarity- The words are very easy to understand, not too many astronomy terms so it's simple for beginners.
Navigation- Easy to navigate on to another page to read more on the telescopes or to purchase one.




The Basics of Telescopes
http://space.about.com/cs/telescopes/a/scopebasics.htm
Site Updated- March 18, 2017
Edited/ Updated by- Carolyn Collins Petersen
Reviewed- May 9, 2018
Reviewed by- Matthew Luna
Author(s): Nick Greene
Summary: This Site gives you the basic information on different types of telescopes, the parts that are in the telescopes, the differences between telescopes, and the advantages and disadvantages of each of the different types of telescopes. This site is very easy to use with a very simple explanation and clarity to those who have no knowledge of telescopes.

Telescope History

http://www.universetoday.com/guide-to-space/telescopes/telescope-history/
Summary: This site goes through the history of the telescope from the very first telescope, to present day telescopes and the construction of the most famous telescope, the Hubble Space Telescope. This site is fairly good as of navigation and is simple to understand for someone trying to get a brief history of telescopes. Written by Tammy Plotner on September 16, 2008.

Telescope history

"Who Invented The Telescope"
http://www.space.com/21950-who-invented-the-telescope.html
Updated- May 14, 2018
Updated by- Matthew Luna
Updated- July 13, 2013
Reviewed- December 7, 2016
Reviewed by- Jody Eden
Author(s): Lauren Cox
Summary: This website talks about how the telescope was invented. It begins all the way to when it was first patented by Hans Lippershey in 1608 . This would be perfect for students writing research papers on the history telescopes, or just anyone interested on the route it took to create the telescope.
Accuracy: The information seems accurate even when dating back in the 1608.
Clarity: The audience would be all ages that are interested in the history. Perfect for research paper information.
Navigation: Many other links to click on about astronomy.

Shop Telescopes
http://www.astro-tom.com/telescopes/telescopes.htm
Summary: This site gives you more details on each of the different types of telescopes. It also gives you visuals of how each telescope works when the light hits it. This site gives you only a brief description of each telescope but having visuals may help you understand better how each one works. This site is extremely easy to navigate and to read and understand. A good site in helping you choose a telescope if you are thinking about buying one.

Shop Telescopes
"Top 9 Telescopes for Kids 2016"
https://wiki.ezvid.com/best-telescopes-for-kids?id=bng
This website is a list of the six top telescopes for kids with descriptions, prices, and reviews. Although these aren't the best telescopes, I believe they would be a good option for beginners. At the end of the list of telescopes it has some good information with some advice.
Site Updated- May 4, 2018
Updated by- Taber Koeghan
Reviewed- May 14, 2018
Reviewed/ Updated by- Matthew Luna
Reviewed- December 7, 2016
Accuracy: This website is very up to date, it was just updated.
Clarity: The audience is mainly for parents buying their children telescopes, or young teenagers.
Navigation: Has links leading to the telescopes for purchase. Also has links to other information and words the reader may be interested in reading more on.

By Erik Menjivar, edited by Myriah Herrington and Jimmy Aanestad


ORION Telescopes and Binoculars
http://www.telescope.com
Reviewed- May 14, 2018
Reviewed/ Updated by- Matthew Luna
Date Read: November 16, 2007
Source: Imaginova corp 2007
Audience: Amateur astronomers, Nature enthusiasts, and Teachers
Summary: Here you will find any science gear you are looking for. This site sells telescopes, microscopes, accessories, binoculars, books, as well as gifts. This site has easy accessibility with great navigation, pictures, and up-to-date items. This is a great site to visit if you are looking at buying science related items. You can even request a free catalog by submitting your e-mail address. They are all products of Orion, hence the name of the website.
Opinion: Great site for buyers.

The Hubble Space Telescope Essentials

http://hubblesite.org/the_telescope/hubble_essentials
Reviewed- May 14, 2018
Reviewed/ Updated by- Matthew Luna
Date Read: November 16, 2007
Audience: Students ,Teachers, and Professionals
Summary: At this site you will find out all you need to know about telescopes from how and when they were created to how they work. It ranges from average telescopes to the Hubble telescope it links to NASA. This site also has information about Lyman Spitzer Jr., Edwin Hubble and other interesting facts.The site's pictures also makes it a little more interesting to look at specially if you are a visual learner. This site is easy to navigate and is up-to-date. It also has in-text links to sites for the specific topics it covers.
Opinion: This site is great for school reports.

All About Telescopes

http://www.indepthinfo.com/telescopes/
Reviewed- May 14, 2018
Reviewed/ Updated by- Matthew Luna
Author(s): W.J. Rayment
Date read: November 30, 2007
Intended audience: Amateurs, Students, Teachers, and Professionals.
Summary: This website is a just the "middle man" to other sites that can send you to different sites that relate and talk about telescopes. Honestly just an extra click to get to the information you're looking for.
Opinion (Updated): A pretty worthless website.


Edited By Alicia Rodriguez 2010



Hubble Information
Reviewed- May 14, 2018
Reviewed/ Updated by- Matthew Luna
Read on: May 16, 2010
Summary: This website is about a particular telescope called the Hubble which is a space telescope. The site is broken down into different sections like news, videos, about the Hubble, etc. This site is very useful if your looking for information about the Hubble. The site also has a section for teachers and kids, that include projects and teaching and materials.

How To Build A Telescope
Reviewed- May 14, 2018
Reviewed/ Updated by- Matthew Luna
Read on: May 16, 2010
Summary: This is a website that gives you instructions and what you need to build a telescope. The site breaks down the different parts of the telescope and how each part operates. The site also has pictures and diagrams to explain how to build different pieces of the telescope. I found the pictures and explanations of how to build a telescope to be kind of confusing and that if you didn't have any idea on how to build a telescope then you would probably get lost when trying to figure out how to build one from this website. This site contains technical information about telescopes, so building one would take a run through of the site and maybe some outside experience, although I'm sure not very extensive.

Youtube: Telescope Principles
Reviewed- May 14, 2018
Reviewed/ Updated by- Matthew Luna
Read on: May 16, 2010
Summary: This here is a link to a video called " Telescope Principles Training Video" that teaches Mission Team leaders how to teach the principles of a telescope. I think the video is interesting and a little easier to understand than just reading a website about telescopes. Actually seeing someone point out different parts and showing it how it works is beneficial for someone who learns by example.

Telescope Nerd
Reviewed- May 14, 2018
Reviewed/ Updated by- Matthew Luna
Read on: May 16, 2010
Summary: This is a very information and has a lot of different aspects of the telescope. Not only does the site provide basic knowledge of a telescope and how it works, it also has videos, and a section that gives you tips when deciding to buy a telescope. The unique section on this site is the telescope time line which can be useful when you want to know more information on when and who built what. The site is very easy to navigate and seems to have everything about telescopes in one site.
Opinion: This site is more like a chat where astronomy enthusiasts are able to post about their projects and interesting information they've found. It's kind of like a "plug" for random information.

First Telescope
Site Updated- April 14, 2013
Reviewed- May 14, 2018
Reviewed/ Updated by- Matthew Luna
Read on: May 16, 2010
Summary: This site is for people looking to buy their first telescope. It also gives you a list of objects that you can expect to see with a telescope you may buy. It goes on to tell you what brands are good and where to go when buying a telescope. The website is directed to people looking to purchase a telescope and need advice, but the site is also beneficial to someone who is new to their telescope.