Schiaparelli Lander

Edited by: Marcy Tegtmeier, Fall 2016


Schiaparelli Lander was a module that contained a small science payload built to study the environment on Mars. Named after Giovanni Schiaparelli, an astronomer in the 19th century who made Mars observations. The ExoMars Trace Gas Orbiter (TGO) was used as a way to help launch the Schiaparelli. The Schiaparelli along with TGO were launched on March 14, 2016, on a Proton Rocket from Kazakhstan. This was a joint mission of the European Space Agency (ESA) and the Russian space agency Roscosmos. Europe was hoping to use this mission as a way to show their dominance, and testing future missions to Mars. Seven months after launch, Schiaparelli was expected to separate from TGO where it was to remain idol until entry into Mars atmosphere, but communication from a NASA Orbiter shows what appeared to be the crash site of a failed landing.

Schiaparelli Lander Prototype

Robotic Exploration of Mars
Author: European Space Agency (ESA)

The first mission of the ExoMars programme, scheduled to arrive at Mars in October 2016, consists of a Trace Gas Orbiter plus an Entry, descent and landing Demonstrator Module, known as Schiaparelli. The main objectives of this mission are to search for evidence of methane and other trace atmospheric gases that could be signatures of active biological or geological processes and to test key technologies in preparation for ESA's contribution to subsequent missions to Mars.

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Article Update: October 16, 2016
Date Reviewed: November 27, 2016
Reviewed By: Marcy Tegtmeier
Accuracy: Website is by European Space Agency. I would consider it very accurate and informative. This is a governmental agency that has written the article.
Readability and Clarity: Site is very readable and interesting. Written for scientists, educators and individuals. Reading scale 28.6
Ease of Navigation: Great links off to the side so very easy to navigate and an external site to check out the European Space Agency.
Overview: The site gives a comprehensive look at the space mission as it goes along and any new findings. Gives dates of upcoming events to watch for with the landing and links to the future missions.

EXOMARS Spacecraft Launches to Red Planet Searching for Signs of Life
Author: Ken Kremer

The joint European/Russian ExoMars spacecraft successfully launched early this morning from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan atop a Proton-M rocket at 5:31:42 a.m. EDT (0931:42 GMT), Monday, March 14, with the goal of searching for signs of life on the Red Planet. After settling into orbit around Mars, it’s instruments will scan for minute signatures of methane gas that could possibly be an indication of life or of nonbiologic geologic processes ongoing today.

Article Updated: Mar 15, 2016
Date Reviewed: November 29, 2016
Reviewed By: Marcy Tegtmeier
Accuracy: The information in the article seems to go along with most other articles. Not sure how reliable the site is as it is a private author that seems to be doing this as a sideline interest.
Readability and Clarity: Article is geared towards a varied audience, anyone interested in astronomy. Readability scale was 19.6
Ease of Navigation: Simple navigation. Too many ads.
Overview: Site is simple with a link to watch the liftoff. Not a ton of information but many advertisements.

Schiaparelli Landing
Author: European Space Agency (ESA)

On 19 October, Schiaparelli will enter the Martian atmosphere at an altitude of about 121 km and a speed of nearly 21 000 km/h. Less than six minutes later it will have landed on Mars. A braking system, made of 3 clusters of 3 thrusters, will be used for the final deceleration phase, slowing the module from a speed of about 250 km/h at an altitude of 1.1 km to 4 km/h at 2m. At that stage the thrusters will cut out and the module will fall freely to the surface with the impact force being absorbed by a crushable structure on the underside of the lander. Once on the surface, a small meteorological station (DREAMS) will operate for a few days. DREAMS will measure local weather conditions at the landing site, such as temperature, humidity, pressure, dust opacity, wind speed, and wind direction. It will also perform measurements of the electrical properties of the Martian atmosphere, the first time this has ever been done.

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Article Update: June 20, 2016
Date Reviewed: November 27, 2016
Reviewed By: Marcy Tegtmeier
Accuracy: European Space Station is the Author so I believe them to be reliable and drawings are precise.
Readability and Clarity: Easy to read, great information. Target audience: Astronomers and Educators. Readability scale 50.
Ease of Navigation: Easy to navigate. Many links to further review.
Overview: Simple and concise information pertaining to the makeup of the Schiaparelli and its mission.

Faulty Software becomes prime Suspect in botched Schiaparelli Mars Landing
Author: Spaceflight 101: Space News and Beyond

A navigation software miscommunication appears to have played a central role in Schiaparelli crash landing on the surface of Mars, initial analysis of data recorded during the lander’s descent reveals.

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Article Update: October 27, 2016
Date Reviewed: November 27, 2016
Reviewed By: Marcy Tegtmeier
Accuracy: Accuracy based on review of this and other articles in comparison they seem to be inline with each other, not sure if I would deem this reliable.
Readability and Clarity: Great information pertaining to the crash of the lander. Easy and understandable for all adult audiences. Readability scale 23.2.
Ease of Navigation: Simple to navigate. Many links to other space missions and rocket information.
Overview: Good information on the Schiaparelli crash. Concise data and further investigations pending.

RIP, Schiaparelli: European Mars Lander's Crash Site Seen By NASA Probe
Author: Mike Wall

Europe's ExoMars lander apparently crashed on the Red Planet, and an orbiting NASA spacecraft has spotted its grave, European Space Agency (ESA) officials said.
The lander, named Schiaparelli, stopped communicating with mission control about 1 minute before its planned touchdown on Mars Wednesday morning (Oct. 19). Newly released photos of the landing site by NASA's Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter (MRO) seem to confirm what ExoMars team members had suspected — that Schiaparelli died a violent death.

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Article Updated: October 21 , 2016
Date Reviewed: November 29, 2016
Reviewed By: Marcy Tegtmeier
Accuracy: I would probable not rely on this article to be very accurate based on authors other writings. He has done articles pertaining to Martian movies although he is senior editor I am not sure how reliable.
Readability and Clarity: It is written very simple. Any audience. Readability scale 32.6.
Ease of Navigation: Other links, many videos and advertisements.
Overview: Great before and after comparison photos of the crash.