APOLLO 11

EDITORS
ALEX RITCHIE DECEMBER 8, 2012 (Fall 2012)
Logan Burns April, 2013 (Spring 2013)
Tierra Sangiacomo - Fall 2016

APOLLO 11 SUMMARY:


Apollo 11's main goal was to succeed in the nations goal set by President John F. Kennedy on May 25, 1961. The goal was to achieve a lunar landing with astronauts and return safely back to earth. Another objective was to obtain scientific exploration by the lunar module, As well as inally beating the Russians at something in space. During the exploration the astronauts were to collect samples of lunar surface material to bring back to earth for further scientific discoveries. The crew consisted of Neil Armstrong (Commander), Edwin "Buzz" Eugene Aldrin Jr. (Lunar Module Pilot), and Michael Collins (Command Module Pilot). There was also a backup crew: James A. Lovell (Commander), Fred W. Haise Jr. (Lunar Module Pilot), and William A. Anders (Command Module Pilot). The mission was launched from the Kennedy Space Center on July 16th 1969 at 13:32:00 UTC and the moon landing was on July 20, 1969 20:18 UTC with about 30 seconds of fuel left. Armstrong then became the first human to set foot on the moon at 03:55 UTC. They spent about 2.25 hours collecting 21.5 kg of lunar material. The crew returned to Earth on July 24, 1969 at 16:50:35 UTC in the North Pacific Ocean and was recovered by the USS Hornet. The total duration of the trip was 8 days, 3 hours, 18 minutes, and 35 seconds. They left behind an American flag, a patch honoring the fallen Apollo 1 crew, and a plaque on one of Eagle's legs which reads, "Here men from the planet Earth first set foot upon the moon. July 1969 A.D. We came in peace for all mankind."
It was estimated that 530 million people watched the televised program of Armstrong's first steps on the moon, and heard him say "one small step for man, one giant leap for mankind".
apollo.jpg Apollo_11.jpg



  • The Apollo Program

  • Apollo Program Page

  • Author: Smithsonian Air & Space Museum
  • Last Updated: September 20, 2016
  • Date Reviewed: November 28, 2016
  • Date Revised: November 28, 2016
  • Revised/Edited By: TS
  • About this site: On this site you will be directed to a interview with Apollo 11's Command Module Pilot, Michael Collins. He will discuss with Mary Kelsey and Beth Wilson what it was like traveling to the moon to his interest in the arts.

NASA: Apollo 11

Mission Page

Author: Jeanne Ryba
Last Updated: July 8, 2009
Date Reviewed: November 28, 2016
Date Revised: November 28, 2016
Revised/Edited By: TS

  • About this Site: This site explains all the major and minor details of Apollo 11 such as: flight times, speeds, important locations and various information about Apollo 11. This site is accurate with the information and is readable by the general public. It also contains information about the time and effort that went into making Apollo 11 possible.

Information from the site:
Additional flight objectives included scientific exploration by the lunar module, or LM, crew; deployment of a television camera to transmit signals to Earth; and deployment of a solar wind composition experiment, seismic experiment package and a Laser Ranging Retroreflector. During the exploration, the two astronauts were to gather samples of lunar-surface materials for return to Earth. They also were to extensively photograph the lunar terrain, the deployed scientific equipment, the LM spacecraft, and each other, both with still and motion picture cameras. This was to be the last Apollo mission to fly a "free-return" trajectory, which would enable, if necessary, a ready abort of the mission when the combined command and service module/lunar module, or CSM/LM, prepared for insertion into lunar orbit. The trajectory would occur by firing the service propulsion subsystem, or SPS, engine so as to merely circle behind the moon and emerge in a trans-Earth return trajectory.


Lunar and Planetary Institute: Apollo 11 Mission

Lunar & Planetary Institute - Apollo

Author: Universities Space Research Association (USRA)
Last Updated: July 25, 2012
Date Reviewed: December 7, 2012
Date Revised: November 28, 2016
Revised/Edited By: TS


About this Site: This site contains information about the mission overview and various picture from the mission. This site also contains the information about science experiments and samples collected for further scientific research. They also have opportunities for students to get involved in further research and development.
  • One thing I found interesting was the opportunity available to students to get involved and make a difference in the program.

Information from the site:
Landing Site Selection

The Apollo 11 landing site in Mare Tranquillitatis was one of three sites selected for the first lunar landing from a list of 30 sites originally under consideration. Final site choices were based on the following factors:
  • Smoothness: Relatively few craters and boulders
  • Approach: No large hills, high cliffs, or deep craters that could cause incorrect altitude signals to the lunar module landing radar
  • Propellant Requirements: The least expenditure of spacecraft propellants
  • Recycle: Effective launch preparation recycling if the Apollo Saturn V countdown is delayed
  • Free Return: Within reach of the spacecraft launched on a free-return translunar trajectory
  • Slope: Less than 2° slope in the approach path and landing site


NASA: Apollo 11 HD Videos

Videos from NASA

  • YouTube: The Eagle Has Landed

  • Author: wdtvlive42
  • Last Updated: July 05, 2011
  • Date Reviewed: November 28, 2016
  • Date Revised: November 28, 2016
  • Revised/Edited By: TS

  • About this site: This is a link to a YouTube video of Apollo 11. When you click this link you will be shown a documentary showing facts and giving the viewer a better understanding of what it took to make this mission a go, and everything that happened during this mission . This website is easily accessible and has links to other videos that are similar to it. This video captured my attention when it showed the actual launch of Apollo 11, the technology that had gone into the program for its time is incredible.

  • Documentary Link


  • Space.com: Apollo 11 First Men on the Moon

  • Space.com Page
  • Author: Nola Taylor Redd, SPACE.com Contributor
  • Last Updated: July 25, 2012 03:39pm ET
  • Date Reviewed: November 28, 2016
  • Reviewed By: TS

About This Site: This is a website meant to give facts on everything relative to space, hence the site name space.com. for example, did you know

Mission planners at NASA studied the lunar surface for two years, searching for the best place to make the historic landing. Using high-resolution photographs taken by the Lunar Orbiter satellite and -up photographs taken by the Surveyor spacecraft, they narrowed the initial thirty sites down to three. Influencing factors included the number of craters and boulders, few high cliffs or hills, and a relatively flat surface. The amount of sunlight was also a factor in determining the best time to land on the lunar surface. it also includes the famous 'one man step' footage of when armstrong first jumped onto the moon

  • on this particular page Apollo 11: First Men on the Moon it gives you dates and facts on the Apollo mission, and gets more in depth with the men of the mission. What i found interesting is that it tells you the ages each asttronaut was during the apollo 11 mission, the date time and place of there birth.

Popular Science: 10 Things You Didn't Know About Apollo 11

Popular Science Page
Author: Craig Nelson
Last Updated: 07.13.2009 at 12:09 pm
Date Reviewed: November 28, 2016
Reviewed By: TS
About this site: This site gives you a variety of lesser known facts about the Apollo 11 mission. The author Craig Nelson created the site to advertise his new book Rocket Men for the 40th anniversary of Apollo 11. A few facts i found interesting were
  • The Apollo's Saturn rockets were packed with enough fuel to throw 100-pound shrapnel three miles, and NASA couldn't rule out the possibility that they might explode on takeoff. NASA seated its VIP spectators three and a half miles from the launchpad.
  • The toughest moonwalk task? Planting the flag. NASA's studies suggested that the lunar soil was soft, but Armstrong and Aldrin found the surface to be a thin wisp of dust over hard rock. They managed to drive the flagpole a few inches into the ground and film it for broadcast, and then took care not to accidentally knock it over.
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National Geographic: Apollo 11

National Geographic Page

Author: Anne Minard for National Geographic News
Last Updated: July 20, 2009
Date Reviewed: November 28, 2016
Reviewed By: TS

About This Site: This site has a bunch of links leading to more in depth facts about the Apollo 11 mission. although most of the links are mainly about photos of the first mission. it shows pictures of the moon the equipment/technology used on the mission, and the moon bases. my favorite part of this site is the myth busting of the "hoax photos" of the first moon landing. one of the most popular of these "hoaxes" is the flag wave photo. some people like to speculate that "You can tell Apollo was faked because ... the American flag appears to be flapping as if "in a breeze" in videos and photographs supposedly taken from the airless lunar surface." but in reality what happened is ""the video you see where the flag's moving is because the astronaut just placed it there, and the inertia from when they let go kept it moving," said spaceflight historian Roger Launius, of the Smithsonian'sNational Air and Space Museum in Washington D.C. The astronauts also accidentally bent the horizontal rods holding the flag in place several times, creating the appearance of a rippling flag in photographs"
  • This site can help people find the truth about the 11th Apollo mission instead of going off of what they hear through 'facebook' or 'twitter'
  • below is the image referred to above (it is also the cover of the above link craig nelson's book
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Youtube: Apollo 11 40th Anniversary


http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pCp2jTtay0w

Author: USA Today/NASA
Last updated: July 15, 2009
Date Reviewed: November 28, 2016
Reviewed by: TS

About this site: A video edit commemorating the 40th anniversary of the first walk on the moon. The lift off was July 16, 1969. The moon landing and first walk took place July 20, 1969. Astronauts on the flight Neil Armstrong, Mike Collins, and Buss Aldrin.

Information from the site: a video covering the highlights of Apollo 11, from launch to the first step on the moon, back to Earth. Even including the presidents phone call and Armstrongs famous quote. All photos/video/soundbites used in this clip are actually footage from Apollo 11 supplied by Nasa and edited into this highlight clip showing the milestone that was created by landing a man on the moon and how it impacted the American culture for the years to come.

Where No Man Has Gone Before: A History of Apollo Lunar Exploration Missions


http://www.hq.nasa.gov/office/pao/History/SP-4214/contents.html

Author: W. David Compton
Last Updated: 1989
Date Reviewed: November 28, 2016
Reviewed By: TS

About This Site: This site is like a digitally uploaded book. it has 14 chapters and covers all of the Apollo missions. The Firts 9 chapters revolve around Apllo 11. starting with the idea of putting a man on the moon, linking the science that goes with the plans, mapping out of the mission, all the way up to the primary mission being accomplished. on the home page there is a link for each chapter as well as each subchapter for those you want to read on a specific topic. makes things easier.
  • When the crew of Apollo 11 splashed down in the Pacific Ocean on July 24, 1969, Americans hailed the successful completion of the most audacious and complex technological undertaking of the 20th century: landing humans on the moon and returning them safely to earth. Just over eight years before, when President John F. Kennedy proposed the manned lunar landing as the focus of the United States' space program, only one American - Lt. Comdr. Alan B. Shepard, Jr. - had been into space, on a suborbital lob shot lasting 15 minutes. At the end of the first lunar landing mission, American astronauts had logged more than 5,000 man-hours in space. To the extent that any single event could, the first successful lunar landing mission marked the National Aeronautics and Space Administration's development of the capability to explore space by whatever means were appropriate for whatever purposes seemed to serve the national interest.
- This website seems very accurate, a lot of time went into wrtiing the book. as of readability I personally read it with ease so it is at maximun college level reading, i would think even a middle school would have the ability to read this site and understand it.